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什么是加拿大NOC

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发表于 2013-8-6 09:39:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
一、 加拿大 NOC的概念
加拿大 NOC(National Occupation classification)是指加拿大国家职业分类系统。
二、 加拿大 NOC的作用
加拿大NOC基于广泛的职业性研究,是多年来加拿大联邦政府与全国各地协商的结果,它反映了加拿大劳工市场的演变,它的制定目标就是使社会各个层次的使用者都能够很容易地对各行各业的情况做更好的了解。加拿大NOC 在加拿大的宏观经济分析、就业市场、联邦和各省的移民与境外工作签证等社会生活得各个方面起着重要的作用。
1、加拿大NOC是帮助加拿大政府对劳动力市场进行统计和分析的工具。
2、加拿大NOC是加拿大公民寻找工作的工具。NOC帮助了雇主寻找雇员,帮助就业者寻找合适工作。每天都有成千上万的人在使用加拿大国家职业分类系统。
3、加拿大NOC是指导移民签证和工作签证发放的基础性文件。例如0、A、B类职业中的38个职业是联邦技术移民的移民职业;更多的0、A、B类职业以及C、D 类职业不能申请加拿大联邦技术移民(但某些省提名项目却允许 C,D 类别的从业者移民)。

三、 工作签证和移民申请人在运用加拿大 NOC时的注意事项
职业定位是工作签证和移民申请的关键,NOC 是加拿大技术移民职业定位的基础。如何确定自己的职业定位,是工作签证和技术移民最为重要的一个环节和关键所在。职业定位出错或者出现偏差都有可能导致申请被拒签。皇家移民特别提醒广大工作签证和移民的申请人做职业定位时不要简单地把自己在国内的职务头衔翻译成英文,而是应该首先查找 NOC 中职业描述与您现实工作相符的职业,以 NOC 为基础,核对您的条件是否符合加拿大对该职业的各项要求。做一个合格的职业定位不但要清楚自己的工作职责,尤其要了解加拿大相应工作的工作职责和工作要求。

四、 加拿大 NOC的分类
加拿大 NOC按照职业类别和对从业者的技能要求对职业进行了细分,形成以一个职业矩阵,横轴是职业类别,纵轴是技能水平。
(一)加拿大国家职业分类系统(NOC)的技能水平划分
加拿大国家职业分类系统(NOC)按照加拿大职业的技能水平(Skill Level)分为 5 级(0,A,B,C,D),具体的 5 级技能水平主要按照对从业者的教育和培训要求进行划分:
1. SKILL LEVEL 0:各行各业的管理职业(Management Occupations);
2. SKILL LEVEL A:需要大学教育的职业(Occupations usually require university education);
3. SKILL LEVEL B:需要大专以上学历或学徒训练的职业(Occupations usually require college education or apprenticeship training);
4. SKILL LEVEL C:需要中学和/或具体职业培训的职业(Occupations usually require secondary school and/or occupation-specific training);
5. SKILL LEVEL D:通常需要在职培训的职业(On-the-job training is usually provided for occupations)。

(二)加拿大国家职业分类系统(NOC)的职业类别划分
加拿大国家职业分类系统(NOC)按照加拿大职业的技能类别(Skill Type)划分为10类,其中 0 类(管理类)横跨其他所有9类职业类别,该 10 大类分别是:
1. 管理行业(0 MANAGEMENT OCCUPATIONS)
2. 商业、金融和行政管理行业(1 BUSINESS, FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION OCCUPATIONS)
3. 自然和应用科学以及相关行业(2 NATURAL AND APPLIED SCIENCES AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS )
4. 医疗卫生行业(3 HEALTH OCCUPATIONS)
5. 社会科学、教育、政府服务和宗教行业(4 OCCUPATIONS IN SOCIAL SCIENCE, EDUCATION, GOVERNMENT SERVICE AND RELIGION)
6. 艺术、文化、娱乐和体育行业(5 OCCUPATIONS IN ART, CULTURE, RECREATION AND SPORT)
7. 销售和服务行业(6 SALES AND SERVICE OCCUPATIONS)
8. 贸易、运输和设备操作相关行业(7 TRADES, TRANSPORT AND EQUIPMENT OPERATORS AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS)
9. 第一产业(8 OCCUPATIONS UNIQUE TO PRIMARY INDUSTRY)
10. 加工、制造和公用事业行业(9 OCCUPATIONS UNIQUE TO PROCESSING, MANUFACTURING AND UTILITIES)

(三)加拿大国家职业分类系统(NOC)的职业详细划分
以下列表是加拿大国家职业分类系统的职业级别、职业分类和职业代码:
SKILL LEVEL 0
00 Major Group 高级管理人员职业(SENIOR MANAGEMENT OCCUPATIONS)
001 议员和高级管理人员(Legislators and Senior Management)
011 行政服务管理(Administrative Services Managers)
012 金融和商业服务经理(Managers in Financial and Business Services)
013 通信经理(除广播)(Managers in Communication (Except Broadcasting)
021 工程、建筑、科学和信息系统经理(Managers in Engineering, Architecture, Science and Information Systems)
031 卫生、教育、社会和社区服务经理(Managers in Health, Education, Social and Community Services)
041 公共行政经理(Managers in Public Administration)
051 艺术、文化、康乐和体育经理人(Managers in Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport)
061 销售、营销和广告经理(Sales, Marketing and Advertising Managers)
062 零售业经理(Managers in Retail Trade)
063 餐饮服务及住宿经理(Managers in Food Service and Accommodation)
064 保障服务(警察,消防)长官(Managers in Protective Service)
065 其他服务经理(Managers in Other Services)
071 施工和运输经理(Managers in Construction and Transportation)
072 服务机构运行维护经理(Facility Operation and Maintenance Managers)
081 第一产业经理(除农业)(Managers in Primary Production (Except Agriculture) )
091 制造业和公用事业经理人(Managers in Manufacturing and Utilities)
SKILL LEVEL A
11 Major Group 商业和金融专家职业(PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS IN BUSINESS AND FINANCE)
111 审计、会计师和投资专家(Auditors, Accountants and Investment Professionals)
112 人力资源和商业服务专业人员(Human Resources and Business Service Professionals)
21 Major Group 自然和应用科学专家职业(PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS IN NATURAL AND APPLIED SCIENCES)
211 物理学专家(Physical Science Professionals)
212 生命科学专业人员(Life Science Professionals)
213 公务员、机械、电气和化学工程师(Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers)
214 其他工程师(Other Engineers)
215 建筑师、城市规划和土地测量师(Architects, Urban Planners and Land Surveyors)
216 数学家、统计人员和精算师(Mathematicians, Statisticians and Actuaries)
217 计算机和信息系统专业人员(Computer and Information Systems Professionals)
31 Major Group 健康专家职业(PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS IN HEALTH)
311 医生、牙医和兽医(Physicians, Dentists and Veterinarians)
312 验光师、脊椎和其他健康诊断和治疗专业人员(Optometrists, Chiropractors and Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Professionals)
313 药剂师、营养师和营养学家(Pharmacists, Dietitians and Nutritionists)
314 治疗和评估专业人员(Therapy and Assessment Professionals)
315 护士长和注册护士(Nurse Supervisors and Registered Nurses)
41 Major Group社会科学,教育,政府服务和宗教职业(PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS IN SOCIAL SCIENCE, EDUCATION, GOVERNMENT SERVICES AND RELIGION)
411 法官、律师和魁北克公证人(Judges, Lawyers and Quebec Notaries)
412 大学教授和助理(University Professors and Assistants)
413 学院和其他职业教师(College and Other Vocational Instructors)
414 中小学教师和教育辅导员(Secondary and Elementary School Teachers and Educational Counselors)
415 心理学家、社会工作者、辅导员、神职人员和缓刑监督官(Psychologists, Social Workers, Counselors, Clergy and Probation Officers)
416 政策和计划主任、研究员和顾问(Policy and Program Officers, Researchers and Consultants)
51 Major Group艺术和文化专家(PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS IN ART AND CULTURE)
511 图书馆档案馆员、管理员和馆长(Librarians, Archivists, Conservators and Curators)
512 作家、翻译和公共关系专业(Writing, Translating and Public Relations Professionals)
513 创意和表演艺术家(Creative and Performing Artists)
SKILL LEVEL B
12 Major Group 技术管理及商务职位(SKILLED ADMINISTRATIVE AND BUSINESS OCCUPATIONS)
121 文秘主管(Clerical Supervisors)
122 行政管理职业(Administrative and Regulatory Occupations)
123 金融和保险行政职业(Finance and Insurance Administrative Occupations)
124 秘书、录像机和录音打字员(Secretaries, Recorders and Transcriptionists)
22 Major Group自然和应用科学有关的技术职业(TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS RELATED TO NATURAL AND APPLIED SCIENCES)
221 体育科学(Technical Occupations in Physical Sciences)
222 生命科学(Technical Occupations in Life Sciences)
223 民用、机械和工业工程(Technical Occupations in Civil, Mechanical and Industrial Engineering)
224 电子和电气工程(Technical Occupations in Electronics and Electrical Engineering)
225 建筑、制图、测绘(Technical Occupations in Architecture, Drafting, Surveying and Mapping)
226 核查和监管人员(Other Technical Inspectors and Regulatory Officers)
227 运输人员和主记员(Transportation Officers and Controllers)
228 计算机和信息系统(Technical Occupations in Computer and Information Systems)
32 Major Group 健康技术职业(TECHNICAL AND SKILLED OCCUPATIONS IN HEALTH)
321 医学技师和技术员(除口腔卫生)(Medical Technologists and Technicians (Except Dental Health))
322 牙齿保健技术职业(Technical Occupations in Dental Health Care)
323 其他技术职业健康护理(除牙科)(Other Technical Occupations in Health Care (Except Dental) )

42 Major Group 法律、社会服务、教育和宗教辅助职业(PARAPROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS IN LAW, SOCIAL SERVICES, EDUCATION AND RELIGION)
421 律师帮办、社会服务工作者、教育与宗教职业等(Paralegals, Social Services Workers and Occupations in Education and Religion, etc)

52 Major Group 艺术、文化、娱乐和体育技术和职业技能(TECHNICAL AND SKILLED OCCUPATIONS IN ART, CULTURE, RECREATION AND SPORT)
521 图书馆、档案馆、博物馆和艺术画廊技术职业(Technical Occupations in Libraries, Archives, Museums and Art Galleries)
522 摄影、印刷技术员和技术、电影、广播和表演艺术(Photographers, Graphic Arts Technicians and Technical and Coordinating Occupations in Motion Pictures, Broadcasting and the Performing Arts)
523 播音员和其他表演者(Announcers and Other Performers)
524 创意设计师和手工艺者(Creative Designers and Craft persons)
525 运动员、教练员、裁判员及相关职业(Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations)
62 Major Group 销售和服务职业(SKILLED SALES AND SERVICE OCCUPATIONS)
621 销售和服务监督员(Sales and Service Supervisors)
622 销售专家、批发贸易(Technical Sales Specialists, Wholesale Trade )
623 保险和房地产销售职业和购货者(Insurance and Real Estate Sales Occupations and Buyers)
624 大厨和一般厨师(Chefs and Cooks)
625 切肉和面包师(Butchers and Bakers)
626 警务人员和消防人员(Police Officers and Firefighters )
627 个人服务技术职业(Technical Occupations in Personal Service )
72/73 Major Group运输和设备操作员(TRADES AND SKILLED TRANSPORT AND EQUIPMENT OPERATORS )
721 承包商和监督员、贸易及相关工人(Contractors and Supervisors, Trades and Related Workers )
722 监督员、铁路和汽车运输职业(Supervisors, Railway and Motor Transportation Occupations )
723 机械师和相关职业(Machinists and Related Occupations )
724 电气行业和电信职业(Electrical Trades and Telecommunication Occupations )
725 管道工、 管子工和天然气滤波器(Plumbers, Pipefitters and Gas Fitters )
726 金属成型、塑造和装配树立行业(Metal Forming, Shaping and Erecting Trades )
727 木匠及家具师(Carpenters and Cabinetmakers )
728 砌筑和抹灰行业(Masonry and Plastering Trades )
729 其他建筑行业(Other Construction Trades )
731 机械和运输设备机械(除汽车)(Machinery and Transportation Equipment Mechanics (Except Motor Vehicle) )
732 汽车服务技师(Automotive Service Technicians)
733 其他机械(Other Mechanics)
734 装饰商、裁缝、擦鞋修理、珠宝及相关的职业(Upholsterers, Tailors, Shoe Repairers, Jewelers and Related Occupations )
735 固定发动机器操作工、发电站系统操作员(Stationary Engineers and Power Station and System Operators )
736 列车乘务员(Train Crew Operating Occupations )
737 起重机器操作员、钻井和放炮员(Crane Operators, Drillers and Blasters )
738 印刷机器操作员、商业潜水员和其他行业及相关的职业等(738 Printing Press Operators, Commercial Divers and Other Trades and Related Occupations, etc )

82 Major Group 第一产业技能职业(SKILLED OCCUPATIONS IN PRIMARY INDUSTRY)
821 监督员、测井和林业(Supervisors, Logging and Forestry )
822 监督员、采矿、石油和天然气(Supervisors, Mining, Oil and Gas )
823 地下矿工、石油和天然气钻井及相关工人(Underground Miners, Oil and Gas Drillers and Related Workers )
824 伐木机械运营商(Logging Machinery Operators )
825 农业、园艺和水产养殖承建商、经营者和监事会(Contractors, Operators and Supervisors in Agriculture, Horticulture and Aquaculture )
826 渔船船长大副和渔民/可为女性(Fishing Vessel Masters and Skippers and Fishermen/women )
92 Major Group 加工,制造和公用事业的主管人员和熟练的操作员(PROCESSING, MANUFACTURING AND UTILITIES SUPERVISORS AND SKILLED OPERATORS)
921 监督员、加工职业(Supervisors, Processing Occupations )
922 监督员、装配与制作(Supervisors, Assembly and Fabrication )
923 制造和加工业中央控制和过程操作员(Central Control and Process Operators in Manufacturing and Processing )

SKILL LEVEL C
Major Group 14 办事员,书记员,文案职业(CLERICAL OCCUPATIONS )
141 办事员职业、普通办公室人员(Clerical Occupations, General Office Skills )
142 办公设备操作员(Office Equipment Operators )
143 金融和保险办事员(Finance and Insurance Clerks )
144 行政支助办事员(Administrative Support Clerks )
145 图书馆、函授及相关信息办事员(Library, Correspondence and Related Information Clerks )
146 邮件和留言分发(Mail and Message Distribution Occupations )
147 记录、调度和分配职业(Recording, Scheduling and Distributing Occupations )
34 Major Group 卫生服务协助,支持职业(ASSISTING OCCUPATIONS IN SUPPORT OF HEALTH SERVICES)
341 卫生服务协助支持职业(Assisting Occupations in Support of Health Services )
64 Major Group 销售和服务中间职业(INTERMEDIATE SALES AND SERVICE OCCUPATIONS)
641 销售代表,批发贸易(Sales Representatives, Wholesale Trade )
642 零售业售货员售货员(Retail Salespersons and Sales Clerks )
643 旅行和住宿职业(Occupations in Travel and Accommodation )
644 旅游、休闲和娱乐场职业(Tour and Recreational Guides and Casino Occupations )
645 餐饮服务职业(Occupations in Food and Beverage Service )
646 安保服务其他职业(Other Occupations in Protective Service )
647儿童护理和家政服务(Childcare and Home Support Workers )
648 个人服务其他职业(Other Occupations in Personal Service )
74 Major Group运输,设备运行,安装和维护中间职业(INTERMEDIATE OCCUPATIONS IN TRANSPORT, EQUIPMENT OPERATION, INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE)
741 汽车和过境司机(Motor Vehicle and Transit Drivers )
742 重型设备操作员(Heavy Equipment Operators )
743 其他运输设备操作人员及相关工人(Other Transport Equipment Operators and Related Workers )
744 其它安装、修理和燃料加注(Other Installers, Repairers and Servicers )
745 码头工人和原料处理(Long shore Workers and Material Handlers )
84 Major Group 第一产业中间职业(INTERMEDIATE OCCUPATIONS IN PRIMARY INDUSTRY)
841 矿山服务工人和石油和天然气钻探操作员(Mine Service Workers and Operators in Oil and Gas Drilling )
842 测井和林业工人(Logging and Forestry Workers )
843 农业及园艺工人(Agriculture and Horticulture Workers )
844 其他捕鱼和捕获职业(Other Fishing and Trapping Occupations )
94/95 Major Group加工和制造机器操作员及装配员(PROCESSING AND MANUFACTURING MACHINE OPERATORS AND ASSEMBLERS)
941 机械操作人员及金属和矿物加工相关工人(Machine Operators and Related Workers in Metal and Mineral Products Processing )
942 机器操作人员及化工、塑料和橡胶加工相关工人(Machine Operators and Related Workers in Chemical, Plastic and Rubber Processing )
943 机器操作人员及纸浆和纸张生产和木材加工相关工人(Machine Operators and Related Workers in Pulp and Paper Production and Wood Processing )
944 机器操作人员及纺织加工相关工人(Machine Operators and Related Workers in Textile Processing )
945 机器操作人员及织物、毛皮及皮革产品制造业相关工人(Machine Operators and Related Workers in Fabric, Fur and Leather Products Manufacturing )
946 机器操作人员及食品、饮料和烟草加工相关工人(Machine Operators and Related Workers in Food, Beverage and Tobacco Processing )
947 印刷机械设备操作人员及有关的职业(Printing Machine Operators and Related Occupations )
948 机械、电气和电子装配(Mechanical, Electrical and Electronics Assemblers )
949 装配和其他相关职业(Other Assembly and Related Occupations )
951 机械加工、金属加工、木材加工及相关行业机械设备操作人员(Machining, Metalworking, Woodworking and Related Machine Operators )

SKILL LEVEL D
66 Major Group销售、服务行业人员(ELEMENTAL SALES AND SERVICE OCCUPATIONS)
661 出纳(Cashiers )
662 其他销售及相关的职业(Other Sales and Related Occupations )
664 食物柜台服务员,厨房助手和相关的职业(Food Counter Attendants, Kitchen Helpers and Related Occupations )
665 警卫和相关的职业(Security Guards and Related Occupations )
666 清洁工(Cleaners )
667 旅行、住宿、娱乐及康乐的其他职业(Other Occupations in Travel, Accommodation, Amusement and Recreation )
668 其他服务职业(Other Elemental Service Occupations )
76 Major Group 贸易,建筑工人和相关职业(TRADES HELPERS, CONSTRUCTION LABOURERS AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS )
761 工匠助手和工人(Trades Helpers and Laborers )
762 公共工程和其他工人等(Public Works and Other Laborers, etc)
86 Major Group第一产业工人(LABOURERS IN PRIMARY INDUSTRY)
861 第一产业工人(Primary Production Laborers )
96 Major Group 加工、制造和公用事业工人(LABOURERS IN PROCESSING, MANUFACTURING AND UTILITIES)
961 加工,制造和公用事业工人(Laborers in Processing, Manufacturing and Utilities )
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